The 1990 Oka Crisis

Conclusion of Crisis

On August 29 the Mohawks negotiated an end to their protest with Lieutenant-Colonel Robin Gagnon, the commander responsible for monitoring the blockades along the south shore of the St. Lawrence River west of Montreal. This action further resulted in the resolution of the original siege on the Kahnawake reserve.

September 25 saw the final effort of the crisis: a Mohawk warrior walked around the perimeter of the blockade area with a long stick, setting off flares that had been originally installed by the Canadian Forces to alert them to individuals fleeing the area. The army turned a water hose on this man, but it lacked enough pressure to disperse the crowd surrounding him. This crowd teased the soldiers and began throwing water balloons at them, but the incident did not go any further. The following day the Mohawks laid down their arms, dismantled their guns and threw them in a fire.

The Oka Crisis lasted 78 days, and gunfire early in the crisis killed SQ Corporal Marcel Lemay. The golf course expansion which had originally triggered the crisis was canceled, and effective policies were developed to prohibit the reenaction on any such crises around Canada.